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What is NPS And Its Benefits?


Financial security in retirement is a growing concern nowadays. This is where options like the National Pension System (NPS) emerge for individuals seeking stability and comfort during their golden years. With its structured approach and various benefits, the NPS has become a popular choice for retirement planning in many countries, including India.

In this post let us look into what the National Pension System entails and the advantages it offers.

What is NPS?

The National Pension System, introduced by the Government of India, is a voluntary, long-term retirement savings scheme designed to provide financial security to individuals during their post-retirement years. It is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) and operates on a defined contribution basis.

Under the NPS, subscribers contribute regularly towards their retirement account during their working years, which is then invested in various financial instruments such as equity, corporate bonds, government securities, and alternative assets. The accumulated corpus is managed by Pension Fund Managers (PFMs) appointed by the PFRDA.

Key Advantages of the National Pension System

Now that you know what is NPS, it is essential to know that the NPS offers several benefits to its subscribers, making it a popular choice for retirement planning. Here are some of the key benefits:

1. Tax Benefits: NPS offers tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act and provides an additional deduction under Section 80CCD(1B), enabling individuals to further reduce their taxable income by contributing to their retirement savings.

2. Professional Fund Management: NPS stands out for its strong framework of professional fund managers appointed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). These experts actively manage funds, applying their expertise to get through market fluctuations and potentially generate higher returns over the long haul.

3. Low-Cost Structure: One of the key attractions of NPS is its cost-effectiveness, thanks to its low fund management charges. By minimising expenses associated with managing the funds, NPS maximises the value of contributions, thereby enhancing the overall returns for subscribers.

4. Voluntary and Portable: NPS empowers individuals to tailor their retirement savings according to their financial capabilities by offering voluntary contributions. Its portability feature ensures seamless continuity in savings even when changing jobs or relocating, eliminating the need to open new accounts with each transition.

5. Post-Retirement Annuity: Upon retirement, NPS subscribers can enjoy the flexibility of withdrawing a tax-free lump sum, providing immediate financial relief. The remaining corpus can then be utilised to purchase an annuity, guaranteeing a steady stream of income for the rest of their lives.

6. Regulated Oversight: NPS operates under the vigilant oversight of the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), which imposes stringent regulations and standards to safeguard the interests of subscribers. This regulatory framework ensures transparency, accountability, and fairness in the management of pension funds, promoting trust and confidence among participants in the NPS ecosystem.

7. Inclusive Pension Provision: Unlike retirement savings schemes that may be limited by residency status, NPS is open to all Indian citizens, irrespective of location or employment status. This inclusive approach ensures every individual has access to a reliable pension solution, thereby addressing the diverse retirement needs of the population.

8. Tailored Flexibility: NPS offers unparalleled flexibility in crafting their retirement portfolios. They can select their preferred Points of Presence (PoP), Central Recordkeeping Agency (CRA), Pension Funds, and asset allocation strategies, adapting their investment approach to align with their unique preferences and financial goals.

9. Market-Linked Returns: NPS subscribers have the opportunity to capitalise on market-linked returns, driven by their investment choices across various asset classes. Unlike traditional fixed-income options, which may offer limited growth potential, NPS enables individuals to benefit from the dynamic performance of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

10. Transparent Operations: NPS prioritises transparency and accountability through its 24/7 online access portal and mandated public disclosures. Subscribers have real-time visibility into their account holdings, contributions, and investment performance, helping them to make informed decisions about their retirement savings.

Who Qualifies for the National Pension Scheme?

As the retirement savings avenue gaining popularity among Indians, knowing who qualifies for NPS is essential for those considering this investment option. Let’s look into the eligibility requirements and understand who can participate in this pension scheme.

● Citizenship Status: Eligibility extends to all Indian citizens, whether residing within the country or abroad. This includes both residents and non-residents, as well as Overseas Citizens of India (OCI).

● Age Requirement: Individuals within the age range of 18 to 70 years are eligible to join the NPS. This wide age bracket allows individuals to start planning for their retirement at a relatively young age and continue contributing until they reach the upper age limit.

● KYC Compliance: Compliance with Know Your Customer (KYC) norms is mandatory for all prospective NPS subscribers. This ensures the identity and other pertinent details of the individual are verified and authenticated before opening an NPS account.

● Exclusions: Certain entities such as Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) are not eligible to subscribe to the NPS. This restriction is in place to maintain the individual nature of NPS accounts.

● Individual Account Requirement: NPS accounts are individual pension accounts and cannot be opened on behalf of another person. It means that each subscriber must open and manage their own account. Additionally, the applicant must possess the legal capacity to enter into a contract as per the Indian Contract Act.


The National Pension System (NPS) is a very helpful solution for individuals seeking financial security in retirement. With its voluntary structure and diverse benefits, NPS offers a tailored approach to retirement planning for all Indian citizens, promoting inclusivity and flexibility. From tax advantages and professional fund management to seamless portability and market-linked returns, NPS helps to build a secure future with savings. Understanding its eligibility criteria ensures individuals can make informed decisions for their participation in the scheme. This will help you with a comfortable and stable post-retirement life.


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